Tobacco Lat. Nicotiana is a genus of plants in the nightshade family Lat. Solanaceae. This family is represented by related tobacco relatives such as tomato, eggplant, pepper capsicum, potato, boxwood better known as goji berries as well as some very poisonous plants. such as belladonna, datura and henbane. Like the majority of Solanaceae plants, tobacco was imported into Europe from the American subtropics. The first Europeans to see tobacco are believed to have been the participants in Christopher Columbus expedition who actually brought the very first tobacco leaves to Europe with them. However, the seeds arrived in Spain with the second expedition: they were brought there in 1496 by a monk named Roman Pano. The year 1560 was important for the history of tobacco distribution throughout Europe. Jean Nicot, a French diplomat who had been French ambassador to Portugal at the time, gave tobacco to Catherine Medici, the queen of France, as a remedy for migraine. In honor of Nicot, tobacco was given the name nicotinane herb, and later the alkaloid, derived from the plant, was named nicotine. Dry tobacco leaves contain about 1 to 5 percent nicotine. In addition to nicotine, tobacco contains other alkaloids, for example harmine, harmaline and tetrahydroharmine which are monoamine oxidase inhibitors MAOIs, which relates them to certain antidepressants which work in the same way. manner. The complex of these compounds gives tobacco smoke its entheogenic effect which literally means to generate the divine within, which in fact allowed the native tribes of America to use it in their shamanic practices. in order to enter into modified mystical states of consciousness. However, none of this concerns the modern perfume industry since the natural aromatic raw materials extracted from tobacco do not contain nicotine or other alkaloids. The fact that tobacco contains physiologically active substances was known as early as the 6th century BC: it is proven that tobacco was already cultivated. Historians believe that in the 1st century BC. Several kinds of tobacco have been cultivated throughout history. People mainly grow varieties of Nicotiana tabacum generic tobacco or Brightleaf tobacco. Each year, in an area of over 4 million ha, around 7 million tonnes of tobacco are grown, most of which is then used in the manufacture of tobacco products. China is the market leader with over 2. 5 million tonnes of tobacco grown annually, followed by India and Brazil, while the United States produces around 450, 000 tonnes of tobacco annually. Some varieties of tobacco, for example jasmine sweet or winged tobacco Lat. Nicotiana alata, sometimes called Nicotiana affinis earlier in history, Aztec or strong tobacco Lat. Nicotiana rustica or Petunia tobacco Lat. Nicotiana petunoides; by the way, petunia is a very close relative of tobacco and also belongs to the nightshade family possess very fragrant flowers. People make homemade absolute from these flowers, which have a deep floral aroma with hints of violets, cloves, spices and dried fruits, but the material is not produced at the same time. industrial scale. Tobacco absolute is derived from dried and fractured tobacco leaves and here it basically goes by the book: first, the leaves are extracted with petroleum ether or hexane they had also used petroleum ether. benzol for this purpose earlier and the resulting concrete is then extracted with ethanol. The varieties of Virginia are most often used to produce the absolute, more rarely we use the Burley, the varieties called Oriental Turkish and Latakia cultivated in Syria and Cyprus; during primary drying, this variety of tobacco is then fire-dried; for the future let me just say that Christopher Sheldrake attempted to reproduce the aroma of this variety of tobacco in his Fumerie Turque, which was created under the strict direction of Serge Lutens. Tobacco absolute is a dark brown semi-solid mass with an almost repulsive odor, hardly reminiscent of the smell of pipe tobacco. The classic manufactured absolute is quite strongly colored, which can cause problems coloring of clothes and skin, which is why it is often also discolored. Theres a slightly different way to do it: they do the initial extraction first, then they add a special high-boiling solvent and co-distill resulting in a low-colored viscous liquid. When strongly diluted, tobacco extracts acquire their characteristic tobacco-cigar aroma: a little sweet, grassy, woody, slightly mossy, with notes of hay, tea, honey, dried fruits and hints of flowers. , leather and chocolate. Tobacco absolute is not only used in tobacco themed fragrances, as in small quantities it adds depth and character to aldehyde scents and gives a certain dryness typical of ferns and oriental compositions. Tobacco notes pair well with sandalwood, castoreum, labdanum, sage, vetiver, cedar and purple iris. An absolute somewhat similar to tobacco in terms of flavor is another natural material - Blazing star absolute Lat. Liatris odoratissima, a plant in the aster family Lat. Asteraceae: sweet, herbaceous-coumarin, with hints of vanilla. Associated with musks, heliotropin, ionones and cinnamon, Liatris absolute creates a very interesting and dry powdery accord. Much like tobacco absolute, liatris absolute can be successfully combined with oakmoss, labdanum, lavender, frankincense, salycilates, cloves, patchouli and many other subjects. The chemistry of the smell of tobacco is quite rich and diverse. The biggest contributors to the formation of its characteristic tobacco scent are carotenoids: ionones and their numerous derivatives, damascenone, edulan and its derivatives, theaspirans important components of the smell of tea and osmanthus, safranal, megastigmatrienone - which is also present in osmanthus, but plays one of the major roles here; Symrise and some other companies produce it under the Tabanon brand. Like any natural material, tobacco absolute contains many terpenoids: linalool, linalool oxide, limonene, geranyl acetone, farnesyl acetone and many others. The pink note of damascenone is made up of penilacetic acid and its esters. In general, esters are present in all their diversity in the smell of tobacco. An important role is played by phenols cresols, guaiacols, eugenol and its analogues, shaping a slightly refined medicinal accord. Pyrazine derivatives give a roasted nutty tone, while furan derivatives give a caramel note: the effect of 2-acetyl furan sweet, balsamic, roasted, with coconut, almond and coffee can be seen in Hugo Boss Baldessarini.